Environmental science is a course in basic ecology, including climate and weather, energy relationships, population growth, and the influence of human populations on the interactions of organisms and the environment. With respect to awareness and understanding of world problems, this course may be the most relevant a student can take. The root of most of these problems is human overpopulation and consumption of resources. Topics include climate change, alternative energy sources, economic issues, political situations, human health, world wildlife, environmental degradation and pollution.
Depart Accra for the Shai Hills Game Reserve, which combines nature conservation, rich cultural interest and archaeological sites with splendid scenic beauty. Trek through the reserve and view some of West Africa's notable game: antelope, bushbucks, kobs, baboons, monkeys and many bird species, including the crested eagle. Visit the Obonu Tem and Se Yo caves which serve as home to many animals, notably insectivorous bats. Learn about the various artifacts that have been found on this site, the homeland of the Krobo people.
After lunch, continue to Akosombo to tour the famous Akosombo Dam, a hydroelectric dam in southeastern Ghana. The dam is located at the Akosombo gorge on the Volta River. The dam's construction resulted in the flooding of the Volta River Basin, which subsequently created Lake Volta. Lake Volta is the world's largest manmade lake and covers approximately 3.6 percent of Ghana's total land area.