Carrie Douglass is a full professor of Anthropology at the University of Virginia. She also received her MA and PhD from the University of Virginia and her BA from the University of Nebraska. She first worked on identity, regionalism, nationalism and fiestas through the vehicle of the bullfight, culminating in a book, Bulls, Bullfighting and Spanish Identities in Spain (1997 U of Arizona Press). Later Professor Douglass turned to research on low fertility in Spain (low birthrates), a phenomenon occurring in all of Europe (and elsewhere) but which seems especially surprising in a country known for its celebration and veneration of extended families. She edited a book, Barren States, the Population ‘Implosion’ in Europe(2005 Berg), dealing with the new family structure appearing in all of Europe (Awarded ‘Most Notable Recent Collection’ by Council on Anthropology of Reproduction 2006). Currently she is working on new project much closer to “home,” a book on Thomas Jefferson and horses. Douglass was born in Panama and lived in Japan and Germany as a child in a military family. Later she spent eight years living and working in Spain before graduate school. She returns to Spain often for, not only professional reasons, but also family reasons (her husband is Spanish).