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Gerry Bowler teaches medieval and early-modern history at the University of Manitoba in Winnipeg, Canada. He received his Ph.D. in History from King’s College, University of London where he studied political theory of the Tudor period. He is particularly interested in the intersection of religion and culture and has published on subjects such as Renaissance monarchy, theological justifications of violence, the religious content of The Simpsons and the relationship between Aristotle and professional wrestling. In addition to co-authoring Europe in the Sixteenth Century, Dr. Bowler is a leading authority on the history of Christmas and its cultural significance. His books The World Encyclopedia of Christmas andSanta Claus: A Biography have been translated into Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Japanese, Chinese and Russian. He has sailed before with Semester at Sea, in Fall 2001, Summer 2008 and Summer 2010.