Port of Callao
Peru lies on the Pacific coast of South America just south of the Equator. To the Quechua Indians, Peru means “land of abundance.” The country is teeming with beautiful natural scenery and rich history with many must-see sites, including Machu Picchu, the ancient Incan capital city of Cuzco, and Lake Titicaca, the world's highest navigable lake. The friendly natives and Andean culture allow for great local interaction and discovery.
Port of Manta
Ecuador is a patchwork of indigenous communities, including people of colonial Spanish origins and the descendants of African slaves. Its capital, Quito, once a part of the Inca empire, has some of the best-preserved early colonial architecture on the continent. For a small country, Ecuador has many faces. They include Andean peaks, tropical rainforests and – 1,000 km (600 miles) off the coast – the volcanic Galapagos Islands, home to the animals and birds whose evolutionary adaptations shaped Charles Darwin’s theories. Traditionally a farming country, Ecuador’s economy was transformed after the 1960s by the growth of industry and the discovery of oil.
Explored and settled by the Spanish in the 16th century, Panama broke with Spain in 1821 and joined a union of Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela - named the Republic of Gran Colombia. When the latter dissolved in 1830, Panama remained part of Colombia. With US backing, Panama seceded from Colombia in 1903 and promptly signed a treaty with the US allowing for the construction of a canal and US sovereignty over a strip of land on either side of the structure (the Panama Canal Zone).
Panama Canal Transit
Cross another item off your bucket list as you transit through the Panama Canal. Completed in 1914, the 52 mile-long canal is one of the world’s greatest feats in engineering, providing passage between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Enjoy an up-close look at the gargantuan locks as you coast through the canal that recently celebrated its 100-year anniversary and is undergoing a massive expansion project.
Costa Rica is a small, Central American nation known for its biodiversity and ecotourism, and has become a global hotspot for outdoor adventure. Whether it is surfing the Caribbean or Pacific coastline, taking in the jungle via zip line, exploring the cloud forests and rainforests, or participating in a guided tour of a sloth sanctuary, Costa Rica has adventure in every corner.
Port of Belize
Belize was the site of several Mayan city states until their decline at the end of the first millennium A.D. The British and Spanish disputed the region in the 17th and 18th centuries; it formally became the colony of British Honduras in 1854. Territorial disputes between the UK and Guatemala delayed the independence of Belize until 1981. Guatemala refused to recognize the new nation until 1992 and the two countries are involved in an ongoing border dispute. Tourism has become the mainstay of the economy.