Fall 2014
Atlantic Exploration
Voyage Overview

Atlantic Exploration

108 Days, 17 Cities, 15 Countries, 4 Continents

Visiting Europe, Africa, South America and North America, the Fall 2014 voyage is a truly global journey that allows students to compare and contrast many differing cultures around the world.

Embark: Aug 23, Southhampton (London), England Disembark: Dec 8, Fort Lauderdale, FL, United States

Itinerary: Russia, Poland, Germany, Belgium, France, Ireland, Portugal, Spain, Morocco, Italy, Spain, Brazil, Barbados, Cuba
Embark Aug 23 Southhampton (London), England
Aug 30 - Sep 1
Russia
Port of St. Petersburg

Founded in the 12th century, the Principality of Muscovy was able to emerge from over 200 years of Mongol domination (13th-15th centuries) and to gradually conquer and absorb surrounding principalities. Under PETER I (ruled 1682-1725), hegemony was extended to the Baltic Sea and the country was renamed the Russian Empire. During the 19th century, more territorial acquisitions were made in Europe and Asia.

Location: North Asia bordering the Arctic Ocean, extending from Europe (the portion west of the Urals) to the North Pacific Ocean

Size: 17,098,242 sq km

Population: 142,423,773 (July 2015 est.)

Language(s): Russian, Tartar, Ukrainian, Bashkir, Chuvash, Chechen

Capital: Moscow

Coursework Themes

Sep 3 - Sep 7
Poland
Port of Gdansk

Poland's history as a state began near the middle of the 10th century. By the mid-16th century, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth ruled a vast tract of land in Central and Eastern Europe. Poland regained its independence in 1918 only to be overrun by Germany and the Soviet Union in World War II. It became a Soviet satellite state following the war, but its government was comparatively tolerant and progressive.

Location: Central Europe, east of Germany

Size: 312,685 sq km

Population: 38,562,189 (July 2015 est.)

Language(s): Polish, Silesian

Capital: Warsaw

Coursework Themes

Sep 8 - Sep 10
Germany
Rostock Port: Sep 8 - 10, Port of Kiel: Sep 11 - 11

As Europe's largest economy and second most populous nation (after Russia), Germany is a key member of the continent's economic, political, and defense organizations.

Location: Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark

Size: 357,022 sq km

Population: 80,854,408 (July 2015 est.)

Language: German

Capital: Berlin

Coursework Themes

Sep 12 - Sep 16
Belgium
Port of Antwerp

Belgium became independent from the Netherlands in 1830; it was occupied by Germany during World Wars I and II. The country prospered in the past half century as a modern, technologically advanced European state and member of NATO and the EU.

Location: Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between France and the Netherlands

Size: 30,528 sq km

Population: 11,323,973 (July 2015 est.)

Language(s): Flemish, French, German

Capital: Brussels

Coursework Themes

Sep 17 - Sep 21
France
Port of Le Havre

France today is one of the most modern countries in the world and is a leader among European nations. It plays an influential global role as a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, NATO, the G-8, the G-20, the EU, and other multilateral organizations.

Location: Western Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay and English Channel, between Belgium and Spain, southeast of the UK; bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Italy and Spain. Also includes, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Reunion

Size: 46 00 N, 2 00 E

Population: 62,814,233 (July 2015 est.)

Language(s): French

Capital: Paris

Coursework Themes

Sep 23 - Sep 27
Ireland
Dublin Port

Celtic tribes arrived on the island between 600 and 150 B.C. Norman invasions began in the 12th century and set off more than seven centuries of Anglo-Irish struggle marked by fierce rebellions and harsh repressions. The modern Irish state traces its origins to the failed 1916 Easter Monday Uprising that touched off several years of guerrilla warfare resulting in independence from the UK in 1921 for 26 southern counties; six northern (Ulster) counties remained part of the UK.

Location: Western Europe, occupying five-sixths of the island of Ireland in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain

Size: 70,273 sq km

Population: 4,892,305 (July 2015 est.)

Language(s): English, Irish

Capital: Dublin

Coursework Themes

Oct 1 - Oct 3
Portugal
Port of Lisbon

Following its heyday as a global maritime power during the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal lost much of its wealth and status with the destruction of Lisbon in a 1755 earthquake, occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence of Brazil, its wealthiest colony, in 1822. In 1974, a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. The following year, Portugal granted independence to all of its African colonies. Portugal is a founding member of NATO and entered the EC (now the EU) in 1986.

Location: Southwestern Europe, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Spain

Size: 92,090 sq km

Population: 10,825,309 (July 2015 est.)

Language(s): Portuguese, Mirandesse

Capital: Lisbon

Coursework Themes

Oct 4 - Oct 7
Spain
Port of Cadiz Bay

Spain's powerful world empire of the 16th and 17th centuries ultimately yielded command of the seas to England. Subsequent failure to embrace the mercantile and industrial revolutions caused the country to fall behind Britain, France, and Germany in economic and political power. More recently the government has focused on measures to reverse a severe economic recession that began in mid-2008.

Location: Southwestern Europe, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean, Bay of Biscay, and Pyrenees Mountains; southwest of France

Size: 505,370 sq km

Population: 48,146,134 (July 2015 est.)

Language(s): Castillian Spanish, Catalan, Galician, Basque, Aranese

Capital: Madrid

Coursework Themes

Oct 8 - Oct 11
Morocco
Port of Casablanca

In 788, about a century after the Arab conquest of North Africa, a series of Moroccan Muslim dynasties began to rule in Morocco. The Alaouite Dynasty, to which the current Moroccan royal family belongs, dates from the 17th century.

Location: Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Western Sahara

Size: 446,550 sq km

Population: 33,322,699 (July 2015 est.)

Language(s): Arabic, Tamazight, Tachelhit, Tarifit, French

Capital: Rabat

Coursework Themes

Oct 15 - Oct 18
Italy
Port of Civitavecchia

Italy became a nation-state in 1861 when the regional states of the peninsula, along with Sardinia and Sicily, were united under King Victor EMMANUEL II. An era of parliamentary government came to a close in the early 1920s when Benito MUSSOLINI established a Fascist dictatorship.

Location: Southern Europe, a peninsula extending into the central Mediterranean Sea, northeast of Tunisia

Size: 301,340 sq km

Population: 301,340 sq km

Language(s): Italian, German, French, Slovene

Capital: Rome

Coursework Themes

Oct 20 - Oct 23
Spain
Port of Barcelona

Location:
Spain's powerful world empire of the 16th and 17th centuries ultimately yielded command of the seas to England. Subsequent failure to embrace the mercantile and industrial revolutions caused the country to fall behind Britain, France, and Germany in economic and political power. More recently the government has focused on measures to reverse a severe economic recession that began in mid-2008.

Location: Southwestern Europe, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean, Bay of Biscay, and Pyrenees Mountains; southwest of France

Size: 505,370 sq km

Population: 48,146,134 (July 2015 est.)

Language(s): Castillian Spanish, Catalan, Galician, Basque, Aranese

Capital: Madrid

Coursework Themes

Nov 7 - Nov 14
Brazil
Port of Rio de Janeiro: Nov 7 - 9, Port of Salvador de Bahia: Nov 12 - 14

Following more than three centuries under Portuguese rule, Brazil gained its independence in 1822, maintaining a monarchical system of government until the abolition of slavery in 1888 and the subsequent proclamation of a republic by the military in 1889. Brazilian coffee exporters politically dominated the country until populist leader Getulio VARGAS rose to power in 1930.

Location: Eastern South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean

Size: 8,515,770 sq km

Population: 204,259,812 (July 2015 est.)

Language(s): Portuguese

Capital: Brasillia

Coursework Themes

Nov 22 - Nov 24
Barbados
Barbados Port

The island was uninhabited when first settled by the British in 1627. African slaves worked the sugar plantations established on the island until 1834 when slavery was abolished. The economy remained heavily dependent on sugar, rum, and molasses production through most of the 20th century. In the 1990s, tourism and manufacturing surpassed the sugar industry in economic importance.

Location: Caribbean, island in the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela

Size: 430 sq km

Population: 290,604 (July 2015 est.)

Language(s): English, Bajan

Capital: Bridgetown

Coursework Themes

Nov 29 - Dec 3
Cuba
Port of Havana

The native Amerindian population of Cuba began to decline after the European discovery of the island by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1492 and following its development as a Spanish colony during the next several centuries. Large numbers of African slaves were imported to work the coffee and sugar plantations, and Havana became the launching point for the annual treasure fleets bound for Spain from Mexico and Peru. As a result of efforts begun in December 2014 by President OBAMA to re-establishment diplomatic relations with the Cuban government, which were severed in January 1961, the US and Cuba reopened embassies in their respective countries on 20 July 2015.

Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, 150 km south of Key West, Florida

Size: 110,860 sq km

Population: 11,031,433 (July 2015 est.)

Language(s): Spanish

Capital: Havana

Coursework Themes

Disembark Dec 8 Fort Lauderdale, FL, United States
Fall 2014: Atlantic Exploration